Why Do We Have A House And Senate, Anyway?

Lesson Plan

Students learn why there are two houses of Congress and discover how a bicameral legislature ensures that all states have a voice in bills. Together, the class creates a school cell phone policy and experiments with different voting groups that demonstrate why the bicameral compromise was necessary. Students also examine how things might be different today if there were just a House or a Senate. 

Got a 1:1 classroom? Find fillable PDF versions of this lesson's materials here.


Partner Resources for this Lesson Plan include:

Why Do We Have a House and Senate, Anyway? - Middle School - on Nearpod



Students will be able to ...

  • Model the lawmaking process by participating in a role-play activity to design a school cell phone policy.
  • Model the effect of unicameral and bicameral voting systems by participating in a series of votes about the cell phone policy.
  • Determine the effect of a single-house system by analyzing data about state populations and the number of representatives in each house. 


Downloadable Resources

Resources for this lesson are available in print and digital form. A free teacher account is required to access them.

This Lesson Plan is included in the following units:

Related Resources