Marbury v. Madison (1803)
This mini-lesson covers the basics of the Supreme Court’s decision that affirmed the Court’s power of judicial review. Students learn how Congress tried to add to the Supreme Court’s Constitutional power, how the Supreme Court rejected the idea that it has any power beyond what’s listed in the Constitution, and how the Court’s exercise of judicial review in this case made the judicial branch equal to the other two branches. Students then learn that even when the Supreme Court declares a law unconstitutional, Congress has options for moving the law forward.
- Define “judicial review” and describe its importance.
- Identify the main arguments put forth in the case.
- Describe the Supreme Court’s decision and analysis.
- Identify the impact of the Court’s decision on the judicial branch.
- Identify ways Congress can respond when the Supreme Court strikes down a law.