Lesson Plan

Students take a look at two political thinkers that spent a lot of time trying to answer the question, "Why Government?" - Thomas Hobbes and John Locke. This lesson combines our Influence Library entries on Hobbes and Locke and adds activities that ask students to compare and contrast Hobbes and Locke and to think about how these philosophers influenced those that followed in their footsteps. 


Partner Resources for this Lesson Plan include:

Why Government? - Middle School - on Nearpod

Why Government? (Ind. Learning) - Middle School - on Nearpod



Students will be able to...

  • Identify the basic ideas on government from Thomas Hobbes and John Locke. 
  • Define the terms: state of nature, natural rights, sovereign.
  • Trace the development of the idea of the social contract from Hobbes and Locke.


Downloadable Resources

Resources for this lesson are available in print and digital form. A free teacher account is required to access them.

This Lesson Plan is included in the following units:

Related Resources