It’s easy to forget how much drama surrounded the Constitution before it became the law of the land. The ratification debate between the Federalists and Anti-Federalists gives us insight into the ideas behind both sides and a better understanding of how our government developed in its early years. Students will analyze parts of Federalist 84 and Anti-Federalist 46. We also provide a template so you can bring in additional excerpts as your state standards require.

Learning Objectives

Students will be able to:
  • Identify the arguments used by the Federalists and Anti-Federalists during the ratification debate
  • Analyze excerpts from the Federalist Papers (#84) and Anti-Federalist Papers (#46)
  • Describe the importance of the Bill of Rights in the ratification debate 

Teacher Files