It’s easy to forget how much drama surrounded the Constitution before it became the law of the land. The ratification debate between the Federalists and Anti-Federalists gives us insight into the ideas behind both sides and a better understanding of how our government developed in its early years. Students will analyze parts of Federalist 84 and Anti-Federalist 46. We also provide a template so you can bring in additional excerpts as your state standards require.

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Partner Resources for this Lesson Plan include:

The Federalist Debate - High School - on Nearpod

The Federalist Debate (Ind. Learning) - High School - on Nearpod


Students will be able to:
  • Identify the arguments used by the Federalists and Anti-Federalists during the ratification debate
  • Analyze excerpts from the Federalist Papers (#84) and Anti-Federalist Papers (#46)
  • Describe the importance of the Bill of Rights in the ratification debate 


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