No one person invented the kind of government that we have in the U.S. This mini-lesson looks at two early governments that inspired the system that we have today: Athenian democracy, and the Roman Republic.


Partner Resources for this Lesson Plan include:

Cradle of Democracy - Middle School - on Nearpod

Cradle of Democracy (9-12) - High School - on Nearpod

Cradle of Democracy (Ind. Learning) - High School - on Nearpod



  • Identify the historical roots of direct and representative democracy in the classical period
  • Determine the differences between direct and representative democracy
  • Big Ideas: Athenian democracy, Roman republic, consent of the governed, direct democracy, representative democracy, citizen participation in government


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This Lesson Plan is included in the following units:

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