The Courts in a Nutshell

Authority of the Courts
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If someone stole your smartphone, would you ask the United States Supreme Court for help? Probably not, because you probably already know the Supreme Court doesn't deal with small stuff like that. Different courts have authority to hear different kinds of cases. This authority is called the court's jurisdiction.

In America, we have a system of federal courts and many systems of state courts. Not only that, there are several levels of courts inside each system! Each system -- federal and state -- has its own jurisdiction. But who has authority over what?

Follow the link to see a comparison of state and federal courts.

 

Response Question: 

List one type of case that federal courts have jurisdiction over, one type that state courts have jurisdiction over, and one type that BOTH court systems can hear.

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