State and Local Governments
Students will explore the concept of federalism, from the powers held by the federal government to the powers reserved for the states. They will also learn about state government structures and functions, the state-level lawmaking process, and discover county, municipal, and tribal governments.
State government resources were created with support from the State Government Affairs Council. Local government resources were created with support from the National Association of Counties.
Meet the departments doing the important jobs that make your county work!
Make your students’ game play more meaningful by using our activity and assessment set designed specifically for Counties Work. This easy-to-use Extension Pack helps you give context and purpose to the game, as well as reinforce and assess the game concepts. That means deeper learning for students, and best practices around game-centered learning for you! Extension Packs require PowerPoint and are designed for use with projectors or interactive whiteboards.
What do you know about the government's response to the coronavirus pandemic? Explore the actions and relationships between different levels of government as they figure out what to do in response to COVID-19.
States have their own governments, but what powers do they have, and where does that power come from? In this lesson, students will explore the nature of state power as pre-existing the Constitution, as well as the limits states imposed on themselves when they created the Constitution. They’ll learn about the states’ police power and how state power related to the federal governments’ powers.
This lesson is a more advanced version of “State Power” lesson in our State and Local Government curriculum unit.
State governments play many roles. Go beyond basic state government structure to examine how states use their police powers and taxation systems to further state goals, act as innovation incubators to test creative solutions for problems, and team up with the federal government to address major issues.
Introduce students to the basic structure and function of state legislatures, as well as the variety in those structures. Students will learn to identify elements of their own state legislative body, and take a stab at gerrymandering to see the impact of districting on election outcomes.
Ever wonder what state lawmaking looks like? Students track the state lawmaking process as they learn about the people, organizations, and official efforts that help a bill become a law.
Dive into the structure and functions of the state executive branch! Students learn about the most common executive offices, their officials, and how the state executive branches regulate actions within the state.
Even before the Constitution was ratified, the relationship between state and federal power was unclear. Students will learn the source of that tension and why this tug-of-war has continued through our nation’s history.
The United States has 3,069 county governments acting as a bridge between state governments and the people. This lesson covers the diversity in county government structure, duties, services, and the budgeting process.